Sacraments

Sacraments at Saint Philip Neri

Prayer and Sacraments go hand-in-hand. While the sacraments are the life blood of the Church and the visible communication of God’s grace, prayer prepares the soul to receive these gifts and enables us to respond to God’s grace, to deepen our faith, and to share it with others. For information on Sacraments at Saint Philip please contact the Parish Office at (317) 631-8746.

Baptism

“Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.” 18 Mt 28:19-20; cf. Mk 16:15-16.

Since Pentecost the sacrament of Baptism has been celebrated as we understand it. The word baptism comes from the Greek baptizein which means to “plunge” or “immerse”. The catechumen’s immersion into the water symbolizes Christ’s death from which they rise up and share in His resurrection into new life. Christ commanded his disciples to baptize in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit and he affirms the necessity for salvation. However, while God has bound salvation to the sacrament of Baptism, God is not bound to his sacraments.

Holy Communion

“Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day. For my flesh is true food and my blood is true drink.” John 6:53-55

Many of Jesus’ followers left him and returned to their former way of life because his teaching was too difficult for them to accept, but Jesus was undeterred. He didn’t change his teaching on the Eucharist in order to make them stay with him. (John 6) Commenting on Luke 22:19 (“this is my body which is given up for you.”) St. Cyril says: “Do not doubt whether this is true, but rather receive the words of the Savior in faith, for since he is the truth, he cannot lie.” (Catechism of the Catholic Church 1381)

The principle fruit of receiving the Eucharist is an intimate union with Christ Jesus. (CCC 1391) Indeed, the Lord said: “He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me and I in him (John 6:56.) What material food produces in our bodily life, Holy Communion wonderfully achieves in our spiritual life. (CCC 1392)

Confirmation

“On hearing this, they were baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. When Paul placed his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they spoke in tongues and prophesied.” Acts 19:5-6

Reconciliation

“But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins he then said to the paralytic, ‘Rise, pick up your stretcher, and go home.’ He rose and went home. When the crowds saw this they were struck with awe and glorified God who had given such authority to human beings” Matthew 9:6-8.

Jesus Christ had the authority to forgive sins on earth and he gave this authority to his apostles when he said “As the Father has sent me, so I send you.” “And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them receive the Holy Spirit whose sins you forgive are forgiven them, and whose sins you retain are retained” (John 20:21-23.) “Only priests who have received the faculty of absolving from the authority of the Church can forgive sins in the name of Christ” (CCC 1495).

“The whole power of the sacrament of Reconciliation consists in restoring us to God’s grace and joining us with him in an intimate friendship.” (Roman Catechism) ” Reconciliation with God is thus the purpose and effect of this sacrament” (CCC 1468)

Marriage

“Let marriage be honored among all and the marriage bed be kept undefiled, for God will judge the immoral and adulterers.” Heb 13:4

“The sacrament of marriage signifies the union of Christ and the Church. It gives spouses the grace to love each other with the love with which Christ loved his Church; the grace of the sacrament thus perfects the human love of the spouses, strengthens their indissoluble unity, and sanctifies them on the way to eternal life.” (Council of Trent)

Holy Orders

“For Moses ordained him and anointed him with the holy oil, In a lasting covenant with him and with his family, as permanent as the heavens, That he should serve God in his priesthood and bless his people in his name.” Sir 45:15

“Each bishop has the pastoral care of the particular Church entrusted to him and is the lawful pastor only of the portion of the flock entrusted to his care, as a legitimate successor of the apostles he is, by divine institution and precept, responsible with the other bishops for the apostolic mission of the Church.” (CCC 1560)”The priests are consecrated in order to preach the Gospel and shepherd of the faithful as well as to celebrate divine worship as true priests of the New Testament.” (CCC 1564)

Anointing of the Sick

“Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders [presbyters] of the Church and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord; and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed any sins, he will be forgiven.” James 5:14-15

“The Church believes and confesses that among the seven sacraments there is one especially intended to strengthen those who are being tried by illness. The Anointing of the Sick is not a sacrament for those only who are at the point of death. Hence, as soon as anyone of the faithful begins to be in danger of death from sickness or old age, the fitting time has already arrived to receive this sacrament.” (CCC 1514)